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Kilogram

## Description

The kilogram, symbol kg, is the SI unit of mass. It is defined by taking the fixed numerical value of the Planck constant h to be 6.626 070 15 Γ 10β34 when expressed in the unit J s, which is equal to kg m2 sβ1, where the meter and the second are defined in terms of c and ΞΞ½Cs.

Abbreviation: kg

Quantity Symbol for quantity Q Symbol for dimension Name of abstract unit uQ Symbol for unit uQ [*]
elementary entity *,\$ UX U elementary unit x
count *,\$ NX = NΒ·UX X elementary unit x
amount of substance *,Β§ nX = NXΒ·NA-1 N mole mol
charge *,β¬ Qel = zXΒ·eΒ·NX IΒ·T coulomb C = AΒ·s
length l L meter m
mass m M kilogram kg
time t T second s
electric current I I ampere A
thermodynamic temperature T Ξ kelvin K
luminous intensity Iv J candela cd
[*] SI units, except for the canonical 'elementary unit' [x]. The following footnotes are canonical comments, related to iconic symbols.
* For the elementary quantities NX, nX, and Qel, the entity-type X of the elementary entity UX has to be specified in the text and indicated by a subscript: nO2; Nce; Qel.
\$ Count NX equals the number of elementary entities UX. In the SI, the quantity 'count' is explicitly considered as an exception: "Each of the seven base quantities used in the SI is regarded as having its own dimension. .. All other quantities, with the exception of counts, are derived quantities" (Bureau International des Poids et Mesures 2019 The International System of Units (SI)). An elementary entity UX is a material unit, it is not a count (UX is not a number of UX). NX has the dimension X of a count and UX has the dimension U of an elementary entity; both quantities have the same abstract unit, the 'elementary unit' [x].
Β§ Amount nX is an elementary quantity, converting the elementary unit [x] into the SI base unit mole [mol] using the Avogadro constant NA.
β¬ Charge is a derived SI quantity. Charge is an elementary quantity, converting the elementary unit [x] into coulombs [C] using the elementary charge e, or converting moles [mol] into coulombs [C] using the Faraday constant F. zX is the charge number per elementary entity UX, which is a constant for any defined elementary entity UX. Qel = zXΒ·FΒ·nX

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Entity, count, and number, and SI base quantities / SI base units
Quantity name Symbol Unit name Symbol Comment
elementary UX elementary unit [x] UX, UB; [x] not in SI
count NX elementary unit [x] NX, NB; [x] not in SI
number N - dimensionless = NXΒ·UX-1
amount of substance nB mole [mol] nX, nB
electric current I ampere [A] A = CΒ·s-1
time t second [s]
length l meter [m] SI: metre
mass m kilogram [kg]
thermodynamic temperature T kelvin [K]
luminous intensity IV candela [cd]
Fundamental relationships
Β» Boltzmann constant k
Β» elementary charge e
Β» gas constant R
Β» electrochemical constant f
SI and related concepts
Β» International System of Units
Β» elementary unit x
Β» SI prefixes
Β» International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry, IUPAC
Β» entity
Β» quantity
Β» dimension
Β» format
Β» motive unit
Β» iconic symbols

MitoPedia concepts: Ergodynamics

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